Astor Markhor | Online Record Book Preview
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Astor Markhor - Species Detail
Capra falconeri falconeri
Markor de Astor (Sp), Astor Schraubenzeige (G), Markhor d'Astor (F). Also called Astor flare-horned markhor.
DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height as much as 42 inches (107 cm). Weight 200-225 pounds (91-102 kg) or so.
A large markhor. This is the typical race from which the species was first described. The coat is long and coarse in winter, though with very little underwool, and is much shorter in summer. The male's ruff is long and flowing. Typically, the horns of the Astor markhor flare very widely just above the base and have one to 1-1/2 twists, with the first turn being very large. They are massive and spectacular, though usually not as long as those of the Kashmir markhor. Most horns within the distribution range of the Astor markhor are of this type; however, horns of the Kashmir type with less flare and more twists are also seen. Heads from Baltistan, for example, are of a type between the Astor and the Kashmir. The best horns of record were taken in Gilgit in 1907 and measured 60-3/4 inches (154.3 cm) (Rowland Ward). According to Stockley, this measurement was taken around the spiral along the keel that begins at the back of the base, which is the SCI method but is not the present Rowland Ward method. Females have small beards and slender horns up to 14 inches (36 cm) long that usually have 1-1/4 twists and tips that diverge outward.
DISTRIBUTION The Gilgit region of northern Pakistan on the slopes of Nanga Parbat and along the Indus River and its tributaries, among them the Gilgit, Astor and Hunza rivers. Along both banks of the Indus from Jalkot upstream to about Tungas near Skardu. Along the Gilgit as far upstream as Gakuch. Along the Astor as far as the Parashing Valley. Along the Hunza as far as Chalt.
STATUS Listed as endangered by the IUCN and on Appendix I of CITES (1975).
The Astor Markhor currently has 13 Entries listed in the SCI Record Book!
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