Brown Hyena | Online Record Book Preview

This is a preview of the Brown Hyena species only.
Once you subscribe you will be able to view all the entry details for hundreds of different species, including full score sheets and photos.

Brown Hyena - Species Detail

AKA: Gold: 16 15/16" Gold (Bow): 15"
Endangered: Silver: 16 6/16" Silver (Bow): 0"
Bronze: 0" Bronze (Bow): 12"
Brown Hyena

Parahyaena brunnea

Hiena parda (Sp), Braune Hyäne (G), Hyène brune<'em> (F), Strandjut, Strandwolf (Af).

DESCRIPTION Length, including tail, 50-64 inches (127-163 cm). Shoulder height 25-34 inches (64-86 cm). Weight 80-105 pounds (36-48 kg). Males are usually slightly larger than females.

Intermediate in size between the spotted and striped hyenas. The muzzle is comparatively short. The ears are long and extremely pointed. The coarse, very shaggy coat is dark brown in color except for a tawny-white mantle on the neck and shoulders. The head is gray. The lower legs and feet are gray with dark brown stripes. Tail is short and bushy. Genitalia are normal, unlike those of the spotted hyena.

BEHAVIOR Very shy, cautious and nocturnal, remaining hidden by day in holes or thick cover. It forages alone, but associates loosely in "clans" that have fixed territories. A clan usually includes a dominant male, several subordinate males, several adult females and their young. Breeding occurs mainly May-August, with usually three cubs (range is 2-5) born August-November. The young of two or more litters may be raised together in a communal den.

The brown hyena is mainly a scavenger, though it does take small mammals, birds, reptiles and insects, and eats fruit and crops. It is a poor hunter of larger prey, with most attempts ending in failure. In coastal regions it feeds on dead or stranded marine animals and fish. It hides surplus food for future use. Its cry is a loud, melancholy "wah-wah-wah." Senses of smell and hearing are very good, eyesight is good. A great wanderer, it travels long distances in search of food.

HABITAT Dry savannas, often rocky areas with desert or thick brush, sometimes seashores.

DISTRIBUTION Found only in southern Africa south of the Zambezi River, from southern Angola to mid-Mozambique. Rare within its range.

TAXONOMIC NOTES No subspecies are recognized.

STATUS Classified as endangered by the USF&WS (1970) and on Appendix II of CITIES (1975), but downlisted from threatened to lower risk (least concern) by IUCN (1996). Although biologists consider its reputation as a predator to be greatly exaggerated, it is killed on sight by many farmers who believe it is detrimental to livestock.

This online application provides access to the entire SCI Record Book. From here you are able to browse and search for entries by location, species, hunting company/guide, and more. This is a subscription service and you can sign up today by clicking the Subscribe Now button below. If you would like to view more information about this site, please click here

New to the Online Record Book? Click the button below to sign up today!

Previous Records 1-72 of 72 Next
Member Taken Location Hunting Company/Guide Measurer MOK Score OR MR

The Brown Hyena currently has 72 Entries listed in the SCI Record Book!

Once you subscribe you'll be able to access photos and full socre sheets for all of these entries. Plus you can filter, sort, and search through all species and entries in the SCI database. If you would like to subscribe now to have access to the entire database, please click here.

Return to Top

©2007-2019 Safari Club International    Site Map    Privacy Policy
4800 West Gates Pass Road
Tucson, Arizona
PH: (520) 620-1220
Powered By: Simpleview