Ursus arctos arctos
Oso pardo Eurasio (Sp), Europaischer Braunbär (G), Ours brun de l’Eurasie (F). Also called common brown bear or European brown bear.
DESCRIPTION A larger brown bear with a rather large, massive skull. Color is usually some shade of brown, varying with the individual from light yellowish-brown through brownish-red to almost black. About 10 percent of the population is blackish. Tips of the guard hairs are often a lighter color, giving a grizzled appearance. Legs are darker than the body, varying from dark brown to dull black. The coat is moderately long, relatively sparse and stiff. The claws are blackish-brown in color, strongly curved, and up to 2-1/2 inches (64 mm) in length.
The Eurasian brown bear is considerably larger and darker in color than the mideastern brown bear, with a larger skull and darker, more curving claws. It is smaller than the Siberian brown bear, with a smaller skull and a shorter, sparser, stiffer and lighter-colored coat.
DISTRIBUTION The Asian population of this subspecies is thinly scattered in western Siberia from the eastern foot of the Ural Mountains eastward to the Yenisey River.
Also found in Europe from the Ural Mountains westward.