Gacela de Grant (Sp), Grantgazelle (G), Gazelle de Grant (F). Named after English explorer James A. Grant, who, with John H. Speke, discovered the source of the Nile in 1862.
DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 32-35 inches (81-89 cm). Weight 100-165 pounds (45-75 kg). Females are somewhat smaller.
The Grant is a large gazelle, rather heavily built, and with the finest horns of any gazelle. The general color is tan or fawn, with white underparts and a large, rectangular white rump patch that typically includes the root of the tail and is bordered with dark, vertical stripes. Adult males (except for one Kenya race) do not have a dark flank band. The face has a reddish-brown blaze, with white stripes from the horns over the eyes to the muzzle, and a black spot on the muzzle. The white tail has a black tuft. The horns (both sexes) are long, heavy at the base, strongly ringed, laterally flattened and usually lyrate. Females are smaller, with a dark flank band normally present, and have smaller horns that are round in cross section rather than flattened.
DISTRIBUTION Private ranches in Texas and elsewhere.
REMARKS Native to East Africa, where nine subspecies have been listed. We do not separate them here.
HYBRIDIZATION The Grant gazelle is either known or believed to crossbreed, or to be the result of hybridization, when in a game ranch environment.