Lowland Anoa | Online Record Book Preview
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Lowland Anoa - Species Detail
Anoa de los planos (Sp), Flachlandanoa, Gemsbüffel (G), Anoa terrestre (F). The specific name is from the Latin de (down), presso (press), and cornu (horn), describing the shape of the horns.
DESCRIPTION Head and body length about 5 to 5-1/2 feet (1.5 to 1.7 m). Tail length about 16 inches (41 cm). Shoulder height 32-35 inches (81-90 cm). Weight 440-550 pounds (200-250 kg).
A miniature form of buffalo, short-legged, heavy-bodied and thick-necked, with a longish tail. The skin is exceptionally thick. Juveniles have a woolly brown coat, which becomes sparse and black in adults. Legs are whitish except for a black line down the front and across the pasterns. The underparts are light brown and there is often a white crescent on the throat. There are white areas around the eyes, on the lower jaw, and on the inner surface of the ears. The horns (both sexes) are lightly ringed, triangular in section, flattened and keeled. They grow backward in a marked curve and are depressed slightly beneath the plane of the face. Rowland Ward has recorded male horn lengths from 8-3/4 to 15-3/8 inches (22.2 to 39.1 cm) and circumferences of 6-7 inches (15.2 to 17.8 cm) for animals taken 1921 and earlier. Female horn lengths from 7-1/4 to 10-1/4 inches (18.3 to 26.0 cm) have been recorded.
BEHAVIOR Lives in pairs or small family groups. Apparently there is no specific breeding season. A single calf is born after a gestation period of 9-10 months. Life span estimated at 20-25 years in the wild. Does well in captivity, reproducing regularly in some cases. Has lived up to 28 years in zoos.
Feeds in the morning and rests in the shade during the afternoon. Eats grasses, herbs, leaves, fruit, young cane shoots and water plants. Its gait is a trot, but at times it will make a few awkward ox-like jumps. Reputed to be vicious and dangerous, attacking blindly when injured or cornered.
HABITAT Swampy forests.
DISTRIBUTION Formerly throughout the lowlands of Sulawesi (Celebes) in Indonesia. Now limited to the northeastern and eastern peninsulas.
TAXONOMIC NOTES Some authorities have combined both anoas in a single species, with the lowland anoa as the typical form B. d. depressicornis; however, we follow Groves in treating each as a separate species.
STATUS Listed as endangered by the USF&WS (1970) and the IUCN and on Appendix I of CITES (1975). Heavily hunted by locals for meat, skin and horns, as laws for its protection are not enforced.
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