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Red Brocket Deer - South America | Online Record Book Preview


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Red Brocket Deer - South America

Mazama americana

Temazate, Corzuela roja (Sp), Roter Mazama (G), Daguet rouge (F). Called forest deer in Brazil. "Mazama" is from mazame, a l6th century word for deer in Mexico. Local names include gazucho, venado colorado (Argentina, Peru); corzuela colorado (Argentina); guazu para, guazu pita, veado materio and veado pardu (Brazil).

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height as much as 30 inches (75 cm). Weight 60-75 pounds (27-34 kg), sometimes more (weights up to 140 pounds, or 64 kg, are reported in Suriname). Females are nearly as large as males.

In South America, the red brocket is the largest brocket species and is considerably larger than the gray-brown brocket. It has a stout body, an arched back, short tail, moderately sized ears, elongated face and slender legs. General color is a bright reddish-brown above, with back of neck and dorsal line brownish to black, sides of neck and flanks reddish-gray, and underparts white. Tail is brown on top, white underneath and at the tip. There is a small white streak on the rump. Fawns are spotted at birth. Preorbital glands are small or absent.

Typically, the antlers are simple spikes growing from a short, swollen, hairy pedicel and are seldom more than 4-5 inches (102-127 mm) in length. Occasionally, however, an older male will grow brow tines, or even several tines; such tines are always non-typical in brocket deer. Red brocket antlers are somewhat shorter and thicker than those of the gray-brown brocket, and grow upward at a slight forward angle to the plane of the face, differing from those of the gray-brown brocket, which grow backward following the plane of the face.

BEHAVIOR Solitary and secretive. Relatively sedentary with a small home range. Births occur August-October in northeastern Argentina, while in Guyana they are reported throughout the year. Usually there is a single fawn, occasionally twins. Diet includes fruit, leaves and fungi. Reported to feed on over 60 plant species in Suriname. A good swimmer.

HABITAT Thick, moist forests from sea level to about 6,500 feet (2,000 m). (Red brockets occupy the lower regions, while the smaller little red, Mérida and dwarf brockets are found higher up.)

DISTRIBUTION Found in Trinidad and in all South American countries except Chile and Uruguay, extending from northern Colombia and Venezuela as far south as northern Argentina. According to the IUCN, in Argentina it occurs in eastern Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Formosa, northern Chaco, northern Corrientes, and Misiones provinces (however, we have been advised that those in Misiones may possibly be misclassified Brazilian dwarf brockets, M. nana).

TAXONOMIC NOTES Whitehead lists 12 subspecies in South America (one of which also extends into Panama). We do not separate them.





Classifications


Red Brocket Deer (typical) - Species Detail

Scientific Name: Mazama americana Gold: 12 2/16" Gold (Bow): 0"
AKA: Silver: 7 8/16" Silver (Bow): 0"
Endangered: Bronze: 7" Bronze (Bow): 0"

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Previous Records 1-32 of 32 Next
Member Taken Location Hunting Company/Guide Measurer MOK Score OR MR

The Red Brocket Deer (typical) currently has 32 Entries listed in the SCI Record Book!

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Red Brocket Deer (non-typical) - Species Detail

Scientific Name: Mazama americana Gold: 16 1/16" Gold (Bow): 0"
AKA: Silver: 0" Silver (Bow): 0"
Endangered: Bronze: 16" Bronze (Bow): 0"

This online application provides access to the entire SCI Record Book. From here you are able to browse and search for entries by location, species, hunting company/guide, and more. This is a subscription service and you can sign up today by clicking the Subscribe Now button below. If you would like to view more information about this site, please click here

New to the Online Record Book? Click the button below to sign up today!


Previous Records 1-2 of 2 Next
Member Taken Location Hunting Company/Guide Measurer MOK Score OR MR

The Red Brocket Deer (non-typical) currently has 2 Entries listed in the SCI Record Book!

Once you subscribe you'll be able to access photos and full socre sheets for all of these entries. Plus you can filter, sort, and search through all species and entries in the SCI database. If you would like to subscribe now to have access to the entire database, please click here.



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