Sumatran Tiger | Online Record Book Preview
This is a preview of the Sumatran Tiger species only.
Once you subscribe you will be able to view all the entry details for hundreds of different species, including full score sheets and photos.
Sumatran Tiger - Species Detail
Panthera tigris sumatrae
Tigre de Sumatra (Sp), Sumatra Tiger (G), Tiger du Sumatra (F).
DESCRIPTION The smallest surviving tiger. (male) Length, including tail, up to about 7'10" (2.4 m). Weight 220-310 pounds (100-140 kg). Females are shorter and weigh 165-240 pounds (75-109 kg).
Much smaller than the Bengal tiger, with the stripes closer together, sometimes degenerating into rows of small spots. The cheek hair is long, and there is usually a short neck mane. The white of the belly is limited to a narrow striped area, and the light color encircling the eyes is smaller than in mainland races. The forelegs have striking black markings on their inner and hind parts. The skull is said to be typically flatter.
DISTRIBUTION Only on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia, where it is found mainly in the north and in the mountains of the southwest.
TAXONOMIC NOTES DNA studies in 1998 indicate that the Sumatran tiger may be a separate species from other tigers. Joel Cracraft, of the American Museum of Natural History, believes it probably became isolated from other tigers between 6,000 and 12,000 years ago, allowing it to evolve differently.
STATUS Until recently, openly hunted as vermin by local residents, with skins marketed in Singapore. Wild populations have declined from about 1,000 in the 1970s to 500-600 at present, with another 235 in captive breeding programs.
The Sumatran Tiger currently has 2 Entries listed in the SCI Record Book!
Once you subscribe you'll be able to access photos and full socre sheets for all of these entries. Plus you can filter, sort, and search through all species and entries in the SCI database. If you would like to subscribe now to have access to the entire database, please click here.
Return to Top