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Tamaraw | Online Record Book Preview


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Tamaraw - Species Detail

AKA: Gold: 42 7/8" Gold (Bow): 0"
Endangered: Silver: 0" Silver (Bow): 0"
Bronze: 0" Bronze (Bow): 0"
Bubalus mindorensis

Tamarao (Sp), Tamarau (G), Tamarau (F). Tamarau is its name in Tagalog. Mindorensis is for the island of Mindoro, the only place it occurs.

DESCRIPTION Head and body length 5-6 feet (1.5 to 1.8 m). Tail length 8-12 inches (20-30 cm). Shoulder height 39-42 inches (99-107 cm). Weight 660 pounds (300 kg).

Stockily built, resembling a very small water buffalo. The coat is short and rather dense. General color is grayish-black, or sometimes dark brown. There are white markings above the eyes and also above the hoofs, and white crescents on throat and neck. The thin tail extends down to about the hocks. The horns (both sexes) are short, thick, irregularly grooved and pitted. They grow backward, depressed slightly below the place of the face, with the tips curving somewhat inward. Good horns measure 13 inches (33 cm), with the record (Rowland Ward, 1933) being 16-1/2 inches (41.9 cm). Basal circumferences are 8-10 inches (20-25 cm).

BEHAVIOR Solitary or in pairs rather than in herds. Normally a single calf is born at the beginning of the dry season. Said to be exceptionally difficult to keep and breed in captivity.

Formerly diurnal and rather tame, but with increasing persecution has become nocturnal, concealed and aggressive. Basically a forest animal, requiring dense vegetation for resting, water for drinking, and open grazing land.

HABITAT Dense primary forests with nearby grasslands, at elevations up to 6,000 feet (1,830 m).

DISTRIBUTION Mindoro Island in the Philippines, mainly in game reserves on Mounts Iglit and Calavite and near the Sablayan Penal Settlement.

STATUS Listed as endangered by the USF&WS (1970) and the IUCN and on Appendix I of CITES (1975). Legally protected, but heavily poached by farmers, cattle ranchers and tribesmen. Natives fear it greatly, considering it to be extremely aggressive and dangerous. Destruction of its forest habitat and contagious cattle diseases also represent threats to its existence. One of the world's rarest mammals, with an estimated 150-200 in existence in the early 1980s.

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Previous Records 1-1 of 1 Next
Member Taken Location Hunting Company/Guide Measurer MOK Score OR MR

The Tamaraw currently has 1 Entry listed in the SCI Record Book!

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