Tibetan Antelope or Chiru | Online Record Book Preview

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Tibetan Antelope or Chiru - Species Detail

AKA: Gold: 57 1/8" Gold (Bow): 0"
Endangered: Silver: 0" Silver (Bow): 0"
Bronze: 0" Bronze (Bow): 0"
Pantholops hodgsoni

Chiru (Sp), Tibetantilope, Tschiru, Orongo (G), Antilope du Tibet (F). Chiru is a local Tibetan name for this animal. Specific name is for English biologist Brian H. Hodgson (1800-1894), who made the animal known to Western science. Pantholops is an ancient name for the unicorn, which the horns of the chiru, seen in profile, are thought to resemble.

DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 31-37 inches (79-94 cm). Weight 55-110 pounds (25-50 kg).

A very distinctive animal that is closely related only to the saiga. Medium-sized, with a swollen nose and spectacular horns. The coat is short, dense and woolly, the legs are slender and the nose is swollen at the sides, not over the top as it is in the saiga. Color is pale fawn, with underparts, rump and throat white. Face and front of legs are dark. The horns (males only) are long and slender, black, ringed on the front surface, and rise nearly vertically from the head. Largest recorded horns (Rowland Ward, 1891) are 27-3/4 inches (70.5 cm) in length, 6-1/8 inches (15.6 cm) in circumference, but 20 inches (51 cm) is considered good.

BEHAVIOR Generally in small herds, though occasionally in large numbers. Mates in November-December, with males forming harems that are fiercely defended, sometimes resulting in severe wounds or death to one or both contestants. The young are born in May.

Grazes mornings and evenings, especially along grassy edges of glacial streams. During the day it rests in hollows it has excavated in the plain, where it is concealed, sheltered from wind, and able to detect danger at a great distance. Wary, with good vision, and a swift runner able to outrun wild dogs and wolves. Runs with its horns held high in proud display.

HABITAT Remote plains and high valleys far above cultivation and never near human habitation.

DISTRIBUTION Tibetan Plateau from Ladakh to northern Tibet, at altitudes of 12,000-18,000 feet (3,600-5,500 m).

STATUS Listed on Appendix I of CITES (1975).

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Member Taken Location Hunting Company/Guide Measurer MOK Score OR MR

The Tibetan Antelope or Chiru currently has 1 Entry listed in the SCI Record Book!

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