Tibetan Gazelle or Goa | Online Record Book Preview
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Tibetan Gazelle or Goa - Species Detail
Gacela del Tibet (Sp), Tibetgazelle (G), Gazelle du Tibet (F). "Goa" is from the Tibetan dgoba (gazelle). Picticaudata is from the Latin pictus (painted) and cauda (tail), in reference to its conspicuous white rump and black-tipped tail.
DESCRIPTION (male) Shoulder height 23-25 inches (58-64 cm). Weight 45-55 pounds (20-25 kg).
A small, slender gazelle. The upper parts are a uniform brownish-gray, faintly grizzled, paling on the legs to buffy gray, and turning yellowish-red at the edge of the large white rump patch. Underparts and inside of legs are white. There is no lateral flank band or dark facial markings. Tail is very short with a black tip. The winter coat is long, with a fringe of thick hair on the chest, and is pale fawn in color. The hoofs are narrow and delicate. There are no facial, groin or knee glands. The foot glands are small with a pore-like opening (similar to gorals and sheep). Males have glands behind the horns. The nasal bones are long and pointed. The slender, heavilyringed horns (males only) diverge slightly in a gentle S-curve, with the tips turning upward but not inward. Longest horns of record measured 14-1/8 inches (35.9 cm) (Rowland Ward, 1902, 1913, 1921).
BEHAVIOR Gregarious, traveling in small bands of up to 10-12. Not as shy as most other gazelles.
HABITAT Plateau grassland and high-altitude barren steppes between 13,000-18,000 feet (4,000-5,500 m).
DISTRIBUTION Most of Tibet and adjacent parts of Ladakh and Sichuan. Also-although rarely-in the Nan Shan mountains of Qinghai, but not east of Lake Qinghai (Koko Nor).
TAXONOMIC NOTES Both G. Allen and Ellerman & Morrison-Scott treated the Tibetan and Przewalski gazelles as subspecies of a single species (Procapra picticaudata); however, Stroganov showed in 1949 that they overlap in their distribution without intergrading and, therefore, each should be considered a full species.
The Tibetan Gazelle or Goa currently has 105 Entries listed in the SCI Record Book!
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